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NORMAL PRESSURE HYDROCEPHALUS

NPH

 
 
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NORMAL PRESSURE HYDROCEPHALUS (NPH)

 

NORMAL PRESSURE HYDROCEPHALUS

Clinical Triad

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus frequently presents with various degrees of the following three complaints: Worsening Gait, Worsening Memory and Increasing Urinary Incontinence.

Gait Disturbance: Usually a slow, shuffling, hesitant gait with a history of frequent falls is a very frequent complaint. It is sometimes confused with a Parkinson Disease type of gait.

Memory Loss: People begin "forgetting" more and more. It may appear as an early Alzheimer type of dementia or that he or she is "just getting old..."

Bladder Dysfunction: People complain that the bladder medication which seemed to work initially is no longer working. Bladder incontinence worsens.

MRI with Hydrocephalus MRI with Hydrocephalus

 

 

 

 

 

 

MRI SCANS AND NORMAL PRESSURE HYDROCEPHALUS

The MRI scan usually demonstrates large ventricles. In elderly individuals there may be cerebral atrophy (shrinkage of the gray matter). Cerebral Spinal Fluid will fill up the space of a brain with atrophy. However, in NPH, the enlarged fluid space (ventricles) are enlarged out of proportion to the cerebral atrophy.