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People who develop hydrocephalus have common signs and symptoms. Signs are objective findings such as a large head or a wide base gait. Symptoms are descriptive processes such as headache, nausea. People with different types or degrees of hydrocephalus have different types and degrees of associated symptoms. Now that you are here, let's discuss signs and symptoms you or the patient may be having.

 

When there is too much fluid in the ventricular system, it dilates and can squeeze the surrounding brain tissue. Distorting this brain tissue can result in neurological signs and symptoms.This is hydrocephalus. (See What is hydrocephalus?) Headache, nausea, vomiting are very common complaints of hydrocephalus in older children and adults. This is understandable: the skull is a closed space. With fluid increasing in a closed space, pressure increases. This leads to symptoms of headaches, nausea, vomiting. With increased pressure in the head, there are changes in the retina of the eyes resulting in a sign called papilledema. In infants, the skull is not fused as yet; therefore, the volume increases and the infant's head becomes enlarged.

 

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